How to watch the 2016 K-Days Parade in Edmonton

An annual summer tradition in Alberta’s capital city is winding its way through downtown Edmonton Friday. The 2016 K-Days Parade will run through the heart of the city from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m.

More than 100 floats, mascots, horses, antique cars and performers will take to the streets to kick off K-Days.

READ MORE: Edmonton 2016 summer festivals and events 

The parade starts at 100 Street and 103 A Avenue and winds its way west along 103 Avenue, south on 107 Street then east along 102 Avenu

There will be road closures and parking restrictions on parade day.

If you can’t watch in person, Global News will air the K-Days Parade on TV on Friday from 10 a.m. to 12 noon. The special broadcast can be seen on Global Edmonton, Global Calgary and Global Lethbridge.

WATCH: You can’t rain on our 2015 K-Days Parade! 

We will also livestream the parade on globalnews长沙夜网/edmonton and will be posting video of the event in its entirety online.

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    With changes coming to Northlands, changes coming to K-Days too

  • Fort McMurray fire chief Darby Allen, first responders named among K-Days Parade marshals

    Last year, Northlands began a tradition of honouring deserving Albertans through its Local Heroes Contest in partnership with Global Edmonton.

    Winners are recognized in the K-Days Parade and receive a $2,500 donation towards a charity or not-for-profit of their choice. The winners also serve as honorary K-Days Parade marshals.

    This year, they include a man who drove back and forth between Edmonton and Fort McMurray to deliver water to first responders during the wildfire, and a six-year-old boy who runs a hot chocolate and ice cream stand to raise money for charity.

    READ MORE: Meet 4 inspiring Albertans: K-Days’ 2016 Local Heroes  

    Edmonton transit will be running extra trains on the Capital LRT Line during the weekday and late in the mornings on the weekend. The extended service options will be offered between July 22 and 31.

    Bus routes 2, 5, 8, 10, 99, 125, 141, 142, 143, 591 and 577 also take passengers directly to K-Days at Northlands.

    The route for the 2016 K-Days Parade in Edmonton.

    Tonia Huynh, Global News

Meltdown of public service pay system blamed on ‘learning curve’

The federal government says a backlog of files and a steep “learning curve” for new users are responsible for ongoing problems with the system used to pay public servants.

The Phoenix system, designed by IBM and rolled out in February, has been encountering issues since its launch, and they have been getting progressively worse over the past several months.

Some employees have been underpaid, some overpaid, and some have received no pay at all.

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Health benefits have also been affected in some cases, and there have been reports of public servants defaulting on student loans and mortgage payments as a result of the bureaucratic meltdown.

“Ensuring that our staff are paid what they earn is our top priority,” Public Services and Procurement Deputy Minister Marie Lemay told reporters on Monday. “This situation is completely unacceptable.”

Lemay said there are two main reasons for the problems experienced this spring and summer, the first being a backlog of 40,000 case files that were already in the system when Phoenix came online.

The second problem was that it took much longer for people to get familiar with the system than expected, she said.

“It is clear we underestimated the amount of time it would take for all users to become trained and familiar with the system.”

At least one public service union has called the Phoenix system a complete “boondoggle,” and 13 individual unions are taking Ottawa to federal court in an attempt to get money flowing again.

Most employees have been getting day-to-day pay, according to the federal government, and the majority of issues have involved supplementary pay and overtime.

Out of 300,000 employees in the system, approximately 80,000 have encountered some kind of issue with Phoenix. Additionally, 720 have reported that they had not been paid at all. Those cases are the priority and are now being addressed, said Lemay, with 486 of the 720 employees set to receive their pay on July 27. The others will get paid as soon as the relevant information is received from their departments, she promised.

Any public servant having issues with their pay is being told to contact Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) via their website.

“Reporting these problems quickly is crucial,” Lemay said.

PWGSC has 56 temporary employees set up in Gatineau to help deal with the backlog by phone, in addition to a call centre already set up in New Brunswick. Dozens more people will be brought on in the next few weeks to increase the capacity even further, Lemay said.

At the same time, technical enhancements are being made to Phoenix, and an email alert system is being implemented to alert managers that a pay request needs approval.

PWGSC  is also “exploring options” to allow claims for financial losses suffered as a direct result of the Phoenix issues, Lemay said, which could include penalties for missed payments or late payments on student loans, houses or other property.

If you’re having trouble with the Phoenix pay system, the government has set up a web portal to take complaints.

Are you a public servant who is having trouble getting paid? Tell us your story: 

Tornado touched down near Okotoks on Sunday: Environment Canada

Environment Canada has confirmed a tornado touched down in southern Alberta on Sunday.

The weather agency said in a summary issued on Sunday evening that a preliminary assessment led its meteorologists to conclude an Enhanced Fujita scale zero (EF0) tornado occurred ten kilometers northeast of Okotoks.

According to Environment Canada, the tornado had peak winds between 90 and 130 kilometres per hour.

READ MORE: Severe thunderstorm watch issued for much of southern Alberta

Albertans watching the severe weather unfold reported seeing funnel clouds and some damage.

Earlier this month, Environment Canada confirmed five tornados had touched down in central and southern Alberta over the course of four days.

Want your weather on the go? Download the free Global News’ Skytracker weather app for iPhone and Android.

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  • Alberta sees 5 tornadoes in 4 days: Environment Canada

  • Funnel clouds spotted in central and southern Alberta Saturday

‘My daughter!’: Horrifying amateur video captures moment of Nice terror attack

Amateur video has emerged showing the moment a truck plowed into a crowd celebrating Bastille Day in Nice during an attack that claimed the lives of 84 people.

Last Thursday, a Tunisian-French man Mohamed Lahouaiyej Bouhlel drove a truck at high speed down the crowded Promenade des Anglais in the southern French resort town.

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Related

  • French PM booed during Nice attack memorial service

  • Student from MacEwan University in Edmonton killed in Nice attack

  • Vigil held in Quebec City to remember victims of Nice truck attack

    The video shows crowds gathered for a music concert on the promenade, panning right to glipmse the truck veering left to right as it drives towards the camera.

    The Bastille Day truck attack in Nice – occurring when France was already under a heightened state of emergency – could further unnerve a country already traumatized by past extremist attacks and persuade some worried citizens simply to stay at home, some experts say.

    Last week, French security forces failed to stop Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel from barging past police vehicles at the entrance to Nice’s famed Riviera beachfront on the country’s national day, zigzagging his truck to instantly transform a crowd of families and fun-seekers into utter tragedy.

    READ MORE: Ukrainian student who studied in Alberta killed in Nice attack

    “The fact that this attack occurred when security measures were supposedly in place makes this very different from previous attacks,” said Neil Greenberg, a professor of military mental health at King’s College London.

    “That undermines the trust people have in the government to stop these events and it is extraordinarily hard to rebuild that trust once it’s lost.”

    Greenberg said he expected to see a dip in the numbers of French people willing to venture into public places that might now be considered risky. He noted that past attacks on Paris – including the January 2015 shootings at the offices of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, and the co-ordinated November strikes that killed 130 people – seemed more targeted, and thus avoidable, compared with the random group of Nice residents and tourists engulfed in chaos late Thursday night.

    “Nice is known as the place where people go to the beach,” Greenberg said. “The attack there may have more of an impact than the Paris attacks because people may now be thinking, ‘where can I go to relax and be safe?’” He said that the pattern of repeated attacks could eventually prompt people to change their behaviour, if they fear the government is unable to protect them.

    -With files from Maria Cheng and Helena Alves

‘That is ridiculous’: Edmonton resident frustrated by Pokemon Go traffic

Pokemon Go is proving to be a popular-but-polarizing mobile game, pitting the “get off my lawners” against the “gotta catch ’em all” crowd.

The augmented-reality game sends players into the real world to search for the mythical digital pocket monsters known as Pokemon, who appear onscreen when users hold up their smartphones in various locations at various times of the day. The game was officially released Sunday in Canada, but was available for download via unofficial sources about a week ago.

READ MORE: 24-year-old quits job to play Pokemon Go full-time

The scavenger hunt-style game encourages users to walk or bike around, however not everyone is embracing the spirit of the game or respecting the neighbourhoods where they are searching for Pokemon.

View this post on Instagram

pokémon sit

A post shared by colton (@peggcolton) on Jul 17, 2016 at 9:39pm PDT

On Sunday night, dozens of people flocked to the Village of Griesbach in north Edmonton.

Steven Williams said his front yard has become part of the virtual scavenger hunt, which means unwanted garbage and unwelcome visitors.

“Respect the area,” he asked players. “Enjoy the community. If we can’t relocate these Pokeman, at least pick up after yourself, don’t go yelling at three in the morning, waking people up, and be respectful, that’s all.”

He’s concerned that Patricia Park – where there are memorials to the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry – has become a hot spot for Pokemon hunting in Edmonton.

“It’s a beautiful area,” Williams said. “By all means, come here, walk around, check it out, but at the same time, simply respect people’s private property and the memorials that are around here for fallen soldiers.

“I’m not even in the PPCLI – I’m a serving member in the military. I’m in the Signal Corps – but I just find this very disrespectful.”

READ MORE: Can’t stop playing Pokemon Go? How not to burn through your data plan

“I play myself, but this is a little bit ridiculous – taking residential parking so you are able to play your game,” said a local player as he recorded video of streets crowded with vehicles around 9:30 p.m.

“It’s disrespectful to the neighbourhood that you guys are playing in. So the most respectful things to do, at this point, here in this area, is possibly walk, take the bus, even bike ride out here kind of like how Pokemon Go wants you to actually go out and exercise.”

However, some residents praise the interactive nature of the game, which saw dozens of people gather at Patricia Park.

“It’s the best spot because people put down lures,” 11-year-old Aiden Buffitt explained. “Lures attract Pokemon to come to that spot and there’s three Pokestops that you can get resources from.”

Buffitt agrees the company should be careful about where they put Pokemon, but thinks the venue of Patricia Park could be educational.

WATCH: The Baltimore Police Department released video of a car crash that was the result of the driver being distracted while playing Pokemon Go.

“The Pokestops are actual little signs, plaques of soldiers, so you can go there and get stuff and you might even learning something about them from reading on it.”

“It’s a lot of fun and it gets you outdoors a lot,” 12-year-old Ryan March said. “It’s a great way to interact with other people,” added his friend, 11-year-old Ciaran Cray. “It gets you out and connecting.”

“This is what Pokemon Go is doing … people are outside talking to each other and engaging face to face,” Mike Scott posted on Facebook.

Scott said he likes how the game requires players to travel a certain distance before they can unlock extra content.

READ MORE: Pokemon Go: What parents should know about playing safely

View this post on Instagram

Still hoppin at Patricia Park! – Josh #pokemongo #pkmngo #pokemonmaster #walk #edmonton #yeg

A post shared by Press Start To Join (@ps2jshow) on Jul 16, 2016 at 9:46pm PDT

The app has prompted some angry responses, including in Vancouver, where a man posted a sign which begins with “GET A LIFE AND STAY OUT OF MY YARD.”

“This whole Pokemon hunt is by far the stupidest thing I have ever seen,” says the note, which was first tweeted by local radio station 102.7 The PEAK, and has since gone viral.

The man then lists other things he has lived through, including Hammer Pants, Crystal Pepsi, “people taking Jean Chrétien seriously,” and the entire 10-season duration of CSI: Miami.

READ MORE: Vancouver man’s anti-Pokemon Go rant goes viral

Watch Below: Pokemon was first played on Nintendo Game-Boy in the 1990s, but a new game called Pokemon Go has a new generation of gamers clamouring to play. Ted Field checks out the craze.

Police forces across Canada have also issued warnings of the risks involved in playing the game, such as stepping into traffic without looking up from the screen, or even trying to play while driving.

“Please do not look for #Pokemon while driving. If you’ve gotta catch ’em all, do so safely. #DontCatchAndDrive,” tweeted Edmonton police.

READ MORE: Pokemon Go: Police forces across Canada warn of risks involved with playing

With files from and Justin McElroy, Global News

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  • Canada Pension Plan sharing in Pokemon Go’s success

  • Pokemon Go users find everything from dates to dead bodies

    ChangSha Night Net

Some armed with guns, Trump supporters gather for 1st big rally

CLEVELAND – Several hundred Donald Trump supporters – a few of them openly carrying guns as allowed under Ohio law – gathered Monday for the first major pro-Trump rally of the four-day Republican National Convention.

The ambush killings of police officers earlier this month in Dallas and in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, over the weekend have raised tensions in Cleveland, with the president of the police union asking Ohio Gov. John Kasich to suspend the law allowing gun owners to carry firearms in plain sight. But Kasich said he doesn’t have that authority.

WATCH ABOVE: The Republican National Convention opens Monday, and 50,000 people are expected to flood Cleveland for the big event. The line-up for opening day includes a wide-range of speakers. Weijia Jiang reports.

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While there was a large police presence downtown and near the convention site around midday Monday, just a few dozen officers on bikes stood watch before the start of the rally being staged along the Cuyahoga River.

READ MORE: Republican convention kicks off with Donald Trump’s wife, celebrities set to speak

Trump backers who brought guns said they simply wanted to exercise their rights.

“You don’t see Trump supporters doing anything that is extreme,” said Josh Clark, of Erie, Pennsylvania. “It’s more of a peaceful get-together.”

There didn’t appear to be any anti-Trump demonstrators at the rally site.

Joel Ameigh, of Hershey, Pennsylvania, who had a Smith and Wesson handgun strapped to his belt, said he is not necessarily a Trump backer but wanted to hear from the speakers at the “America First” rally sponsored by Citizens for Trump.

READ MORE: Stephen Colbert hijacks GOP convention stage for ‘The Hunger Games’ spoof

“We’re not here to be dangerous people. We’re not here to intimidate anyone. There are laws against that sort of thing,” he said.

Advocates call for minority judges as figures show ‘judiciary of whiteness’

HALIFAX – A study showing a dearth of minority judges in Canada has advocates suggesting the country must seize a unique opportunity to increase racial diversity in a “judiciary of whiteness.”

“After many years of saying this is an important issue, it’s very disappointing to see how low the numbers are,” said Naiomi Metallic, a 35-year-old Mi’kmaq woman who is the chair of aboriginal law and policy at Dalhousie University.

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A May report in the online version of Policy Options magazine estimates just one per cent of Canada’s 2,160 judges in the provincial superior and lower courts are aboriginal, while three per cent are racial minorities.

Andrew Griffith, a former director general of Citizenship and Multiculturalism and author of the article, says he’s hopeful the Liberal government will follow up on promises of reforms, but he adds, “at the current level, there’s an obvious gap.”

His study was a laborious task of poring through hundreds of biographies to create a “reasonable picture” of judicial diversity, as neither the federal Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs nor most provinces keep statistics.

“It’s a judiciary of whiteness,” said Metallic, who is also a member of a Nova Scotia Bar Society committee trying to address racial issues in the profession, in an interview.

“Powerful institutions ought to reflect the societies they serve.”

Last month, the Trudeau government included an aboriginal judge and an Asian Canadian among federal 15 appointments, and Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould has made a general commitment to increase diversity in the judiciary.

But Metallic — who graduated from the Indigenous Blacks and Mi’kmaq program at Dalhousie University over a decade ago — said she and other advocates will be watching carefully over the next year, with more than 41 vacancies currently open among federally appointed positions, and about 40 provincial positions open across the country. There are also openings in the country’s Federal Court and the Supreme Court of Canada.

Several provinces declined to provide estimates on the number of vacant judgeships.

Marilyn Poitras, a lawyer in Saskatoon who is Metis and a professor at the College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan, said having only two indigenous judges out of 101 judges in a province where 16 per cent of the population is aboriginal is unacceptable.

The country is losing out on the opportunity to gain from Indigenous perspectives on everything from sentencing to the factors that lead to crime, she said.

“When you start to incorporate Indigenous thinking into the justice model, you start talking a lot more about preventative measures and that’s where we should be taking things,” she said in an interview.

Both Poitras and Metallic point to a growing pool of minority graduates to draw from. For example, Dalhousie has graduated 175 black and aboriginal lawyers through a specialized program over the two decades — creating a pool of potential applicants for Nova Scotia’s five upcoming positions.

Griffith found that in the lower courts — where the bulk of the child welfare and criminal justice cases are heard — there were only 52 visible minority judges and 19 indigenous judges among the 1,132 judges.

In Quebec, Griffith noted three visible minority judges out of more than 500, despite bar society figures showing over 1,800 of its roughly 25,000 lawyers identify themselves as being from visible minority groups. The province said it doesn’t keep figures.

In Ontario, one of the few provinces where the judicial advisory body keeps figures on the lower court appointments, there were 24 visible minority judges out of 334 judges, even though one quarter of the province’s overall population identifies as a visible minority.

And in Nova Scotia, where Metallic practises, there are four non-white lawyers who made it to the bench — two blacks, one person of Sri Lankan descent and a Chinese-Canadian — and two indigenous judges, out 99 judges.

Robert Wright, a black social worker, says the figures should be higher in a province where the criminal justice sees an over representation of black and aboriginal accused, and child welfare cases frequently require sensitivity to cultural difference.

Wright, who was a civilian representative on the province’s judicial advisory committee, says black candidates were proposed in the past decade, but weren’t chosen.

Then, in 2009 the province amended guidelines on appointments, calling for 15 years of minimum practice — which dramatically reduced the potential list of applicants.

Like Metallic, Wright is hoping for change over the next year.

“The core issues of today include unrepresented litigants, an over-representation of aboriginal and black accused, a recognition of historical racial discrimination in the courts. These things must be perceived as the most pressing issues in jurisprudence in Canada today,” he said.

“Is the court we currently have tooled to address those issues? The answer that comes back is ‘No.’”

Russian doping report: How Russia pulled off state-sponsored cheating at the Olympics

An independent investigation led by a Canadian law professor confirmed Monday that Russia cheated at the Olympics: widespread, state-sponsored doping in Russian sports that led to 312 falsified results spanning from 2011 to 2015. So, how did Russia do it?

Richard McLaren of Western University unveiled the report’s findings this morning in Toronto.

He says labs in Moscow and Sochi protected Russian athletes.

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The report said the cheating program resulted in at least 312 falsified results from 2011 through at least last year’s world swimming championships.

How Russia protected doping athletes while in Russia

READ MORE: Who is Grigory Rodchenkov?

According to McLaren’s findings, the doping testing lab in Moscow operated as the program’s “failsafe system.” He said that if elite athletes did not receive “protection” from the “in the field mechanisms” then the doping would be covered up in the lab.

WATCH: WADA investigation finds evidence of ‘state-directed’ doping program in Russian sports

In the lab, the “disappearing positive methodology” allowed for the transformation of positive test results into negative ones by “an order” from Russia’s deputy minister of sport, McLaren said. He did not, however, explain how the tests were altered. But once they were, a false record would be filed with World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and lab records.

“Laboratory staff were under strict instructions to report all positives to the ministry of sport whatever the circumstances,“ McLaren said.

WATCH: Richard McLaren says Moscow drug testing lab routinely ignored evidence of positive drug tests for Russian athletes

McLaren said the information would be sent up the “chain of command,” and would come back to the lab with an order of either “save” or “quarantine.”

Essentially, if the order came back as “save,” test results would be altered in the lab and submitted to WADA as a negative test sample.

READ MORE: Report confirms Russian sample-swapping, widespread doping during Olympics

“If the order was ‘quarantine,’ the athlete’s positive results would proceed to be processed in accordance the WADA international standard for laboratories,” McLaren explained.

McLaren said out of 577 positive sample screenings Russia ordered 312 “saves” and 265 quarantined orders.

More than 240 of the 312 “Saves’” came from track and field and wrestling, but other sports involved included swimming, rowing, snowboarding — and even table tennis.

The Sochi Olympics and how a “mouse hole” was used to swap out doped urine for clean urine

McLaren said the “disappearing positive methodology” worked well to cover up doping. But not so well at international events due to more independent observers.

“For Sochi, the Russians needed a new, different methodology,” McLaren explained. “The sample-swapping methodology was developed and applied.”

WADA lawyer: ‘Dirty’ Russian athletes competed in Sochi knowing ‘for certain’ their samples would come back clean

The focus on hiding doped athletes focused on the tamper-evident caps of the sample bottles used in testing, the report explained. It was up to Russia’s secret service, known as the FSB, to figure out how to swap dirty urine with clean urine.

“They [FSB] developed a method for surreptitiously removing the caps of the bottles for use at Sochi,” McLaren said. “As a result there were no positive samples at the Sochi Games for Russian athletes.”

McLaren admitted that because of the FSB being a “secretive organization,” no one actually saw the bottle tampering. So, McLaren and his forensic team did some experiments. His team confirmed the caps can be removed without evidence visible to “an untrained eye.”

READ MORE: World Anti-Doping Agency wants IOC to ban all Russian teams from Rio Olympics

The report said the team’s “scratch and marks” expert did detect evidence of tampering from all Sochi bottles the group examined.

So, Russia figured out how to remove the caps on testing bottles, but they needed to replace dirty urine with clean stuff. To do this, Russia ordered its athletes to collect “clean” urine and it was stored in a secret freezer in the testing lab.

The clean samples were then swapped with dirty ones during the night, the report explained, through a “mouse hole” in the wall that was connected to a room that had the secret stash of clean urine.

WATCH: Russian Ministry of Sport was directly involved in doping program

The clean urine was then adjusted by adding table salt or distilled water to tweak the gravity of the urine to match the results of when the dirty sample was originally taken. The bottle would then be resealed and passed back through the “mouse hole,” and into the secured testing area for the urine to be tested in the morning.

“Sochi was a unique situation [and was] needed because of the presence of the international community in the lab required that they do something different than the ‘disappearing positive methodology,’” McLaren said.

McLaren did not make any recommendations for the future of the Russian team at the Rio Olympics. He said it was up to others, including the International Olympic Committee, to “absorb and act upon” the report.

Following Monday’s report, the WADA’s executive board wants the IOC to ban all Russian teams from the Rio de Janeiro Olympics.

WADA also wants Russian government officials to be denied access to international competitions, including the upcoming Olympics.

with  files from the Associated Press

Are your vacation pictures putting your home at risk of robbery?

You’re going on vacation and you can’t wait to post pictures to your Instagram, Facebook or Snapchat accounts from the beach/historic monument/foreign country that you’ll be visiting.

But, have you ever stopped and wondered if this puts your home at risk of burglary?

According to a survey by Allstate Insurance that polled 1,007 Quebecers, almost a quarter (23 per cent) of people have posted on social media that they were away from home.

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    About 52 per cent of Quebecers aged 18 to 24 have shared on social media sites that they were travelling; 43 per cent of people aged 25 to 34 have done the same.

    “Although it can be so much fun to share our travel experiences with others, oversharing is a trend that can potentially put the safety of your home at risk,” says Patrizia D’Ignazio, an Allstate Agency manager.

    General tips to keep your home safe include: temporarily stopping mail and newspaper delivery, having a family member check in  periodically and installing an automated lighting system so it looks like someone is home.

    Francisco Randez, social media and travel expert, explains cybercriminals are increasingly plotting break-ins based on when they know someone will be away from their home — and with people posting about every second of their lives on social media, it’s gotten way too easy.

    “When making travel plans, remembering to lock the front door and turn on the alarm system — if you have one — is one thing,” said Randez.

    “But oversharing on your social media pages without the necessary precautions is to be avoided.”

    Are you guilty of any of these social media don’ts when you travel?

    Allstate Insurance

    Are you guilty of any of these social media don’ts when you travel?

    Allstate Insurance

    Are you guilty of any of these social media don’ts when you travel?

    Allstate Insurance

    Are you guilty of any of these social media don’ts when you travel?

    Allstate Insurance

    According to the survey, 60 per cent of men and 51 per cent of women do not always deactivate their geolocation on their mobile devices while travelling.

    Geolocation — the identification of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a mobile phone or computer terminal – and Google Street View have also become easy tools for robbers.

    “Travelers may be excited to post a countdown leading up to a trip or getaway, or that they are en route or have arrived at their destination, but they need to be mindful of what, when and how they share online,” insisted Randez.

    Randez offers some tips on staying safe on social media

    Don’t publish your vacation dates on your social media accounts.Check the privacy and security settings of your social media accounts.Before posting pictures, ask yourself if they reveal too much information.Avoid posting photos with geo-tagging. Most smart phones and many digital cameras automatically record the exact location where a photo was taken.Teach your children and other family members to be careful online.Consider posting your photos once you return home instead of throughout the trip.

World Anti-Doping Agency wants IOC to ban all Russian teams from Rio Olympics

Russian government officials engineered the drug-fueled corruption of nearly 30 Olympic sports, an investigator found, prompting the World Anti-Doping Agency to call for a ban of the country’s entire team from the Rio de Janeiro Games.

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The scheme lasted at least four years, covered 28 Olympic sports – both summer and winter – and involved at least 312 positive tests that went unreported at the behest of higher-ups in the country’s sports ministry, according to a 97-page report issued Monday.

“A mind-blowing level of corruption within both Russian sport and government,’” said Travis Tygart, the CEO of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency.

READ MORE: How Russia pulled off state-sponsored cheating at the Olympics

WADA, which hired arbitrator Richard McLaren to lead the investigation, called on the IOC to decline entries of all Russian athletes to this summer’s Olympics.

“In the face of such evidence of state-sponsored subversion of anti-doping processes, WADA insists upon imposition of the most serious consequences to protect clean athletes from the scourge of doping in sport,” said WADA President Craig Reedie, who is also an IOC member.

IOC President Thomas Bach called the revelations a “shocking and unprecedented attack on the integrity of sports and on the Olympic Games” and said the IOC wouldn’t hesitate to apply the toughest sanctions available against those accused of cheating. The IOC executive board will meet Tuesday to begin sorting through options.

WATCH: Russian Ministry of Sport was directly involved in doping program, WADA report

McLaren’s report said allegations made by Moscow’s former anti-doping lab director about sample switching at the Sochi Olympics went much as described in a New York Times story in May. That program involved dark-of-night bottle tampering in order to switch dirty samples with clean ones; it prevented Russian athletes, including more than a dozen medal winners, from testing positive.

But McLaren said the bottle tampering in Sochi was a one-shot deal. Meanwhile, he described tactics he labeled “disappearing positive methodology” that began in 2011, shortly after Russia’s disappointing performance at the Vancouver Olympics. It included the 2013 track world championships in Moscow and was in place as recently as the 2015 swimming world championships in Kazan – when everyone in Russian sports knew they were under the doping microscope.

WATCH: WADA investigation finds evidence of ‘state-directed’ doping program in Russian sports

In short, Russia’s deputy minister of sports, Yuri Nagornykh, who was also part of Russia’s Olympic Committee, would direct workers at Moscow’s anti-doping laboratory of which positive samples to send through and which to hold back. Assisting the plan was Russia’s national security service – the FSB, the current version of the Soviet Union’s KGB. Russian President Vladimir Putin appointed Nagornykh to his post in 2010. On Monday, Putin said officials named as directly responsible in the doping scheme would be suspended.

READ MORE: Who is Grigory Rodchenkov?

McLaren said out of 577 positive sample screenings, 312 positive results were held back – or labeled “Save” by the lab workers – but that was only a “small slice” of the data that could have been examined. More than 240 of the 312 “Saves” came from track and field and wrestling, but other sports involved included swimming, rowing, snowboarding – even table tennis.

McLaren suggested the numbers could have been higher, but he had only 57 days for his investigation.

“In an ideal world, we would’ve done a great deal more work with the data,’” he said.

Time is crucial because the Olympics begin Aug. 5, and decisions about Russia’s participation in Rio must be made.

On Thursday, the Court of Arbitration for Sport will determine the fate of 68 track and field athletes who have petitioned to compete in Rio despite a previously delivered ban of the Russian track team by that sport’s federation, the IAAF.

Russian doping whistleblower Yuliya Stepanova who runs under a neutral flag arrives on the track before competing in a women’s 800m heat during the European Athletics Championships in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Wednesday, July 6, 2016.

(AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)

Reedie said WADA is working to establish non-binding guidelines that will help the IOC and international sports federations identify exceptions to the Russian ban – notably, Russian athletes who trained in other countries that had robust, clean anti-doping systems. Those athletes, WADA said, should be allowed to compete in Rio under a neutral flag.

McLaren said he was “unwaveringly confident” in his report, and insisted there was no leak, as several sports organizations suggested over the weekend, when draft letters calling for Russia’s ban were leaked to the media.

WATCH: ‘Dirty’ Russian athletes competed in Sochi knowing ‘for certain’ their samples would come back clean

Those letters were written in anticipation of the sort of results McLaren delivered Monday – results that were previewed in a mostly overlooked section of the IAAF report, released in June, that called for the Russian track team’s ouster.

U.S. Olympic Committee CEO Scott Blackmun said the report proved a point he had made earlier this summer – that the current anti-doping system is broken.

He was relying on the IOC and international sports federations to figure out appropriate sanctions. But despite WADA’s recommendation, there is far from a consensus on what those sanctions will be, as the sports world toes the line between what Bach called “collective responsibility and individual justice.”

Among those not in favor of a full Russian ban were leaders in gymnastics – a sport that was not among the 28 with non-reported positives.

“The right to participate at the games cannot be stolen from an athlete, who has duly qualified and has not been found guilty of doping,” said Bruno Grandi, president of gymnastics’ international federation. “Blanket bans have never been and will never be just.”